Maharashtra Geography Notes PDF Download : महाराष्ट्राचा भूगोल नोट्स

Geography of Maharashtra notes for MPSC and other exams

The information about Maharashtra Geography is specially designed for all of you. Many people, including those taking competitive exams like MPSC and UPSC, are interested in the geography of Maharashtra. You can have a look at them below in more detail.

Maharashtra Land

In India, Maharashtra state is surrounded by many other states and places. These include Gujarat, Goa (South State), Chhattisgarh (East), Andhra Pradesh (Southeast), Karnataka (South State), Arabian Sea (West), Nagar Haveli, Dadra, and Madhya Pradesh (North). In the Western peninsular part of the subcontinent, A substantial portion of the Deccan plateau is occupied by the state of Maharashtra. Formerly, Bombay –Mumbai is the Capital of Maharashtra, where the roads and railways are there through which it is connected to the mainland. Maharashtra is a state which is also known for India’s biggest commercial and industrial centers. The gateway of India is Aptly. In India, social and political life has become brighter because of Maharashtra. Sometimes, it looks like a triangle shape roughly. The narrow Konkan coastal lowland is present to the west. Later, it reaches Mumbai, which is a wider extent.A complex range of Physical diversity is highlighted by Maharashtra. On the less than 80 km long or 50 miles, the swift, small, and western flowing streams are present. In the Bhor Ghat, The Ulhas is the biggest rising, which connects the sea after a 130 km or 80-mile course.

There are many industrial productions, transport, education trade, and agricultural production which is responsible for making the state leader among all the other states of India. Among Maharashtrians, the common literature of Marathi is basically plays a crucial role in nurturing a sense of unity. ‘Marathi’ is the predominant language of the Maharashtra.For 400 miles of 6.4 km, the continuously running western Ghates which reaching to the Arabian Sea within 6.4 km or 4 miles. The state comes at the third largest position state in India. Along the Arabian Sea, the coastline of Maharashtra is 330 miles long which means 530 km. There are many crops that are dominant in the state especially rice and mangoes, oilseeds, tobacco, cashews, and vegetable cotton.

The five geographic regions are there in which the Maharashtra state has been divided.The cities such as Thane, Chiplun, Bhiwandi, Mumbai, Ratnagiri, and Ulhasnagar are included in the Konkan, which is also known for the western coastal region. It is located between the Western Ghats and the sea. The other region is Khandesh. Khandesh is located in the valley of the Tapti River and it is the northwestern region. The region includes some major cities like Bhusawal, Dhulia, and Jalgaon. The most significant region of the Maharashtra state is Desh which is also called the center of the state. Nasik, Kolhapur, Sangali, Sholapur, and Pune are other cities in the state. In these, the Maratha Empire has the capital before ‘Pune’. The Hyderabad state has a part called Marathwada until 1956. This part is lying in the south-eastern part of Maharashtra. In this region, the main city is Aurangabad. In Maharashtra, the easternmost region is Vidharba which is formerly part of the Central Provinces and Berar. In the region, the main city is Nagpur.

Main cities of Maharashtra

  • Pune
  • Sangali
  • Jalgaon
  • Ratnagiri
  • Mumbai
  • Aurangabad
  • Solapur
  • Buldhana
  • Nagpur
  • Nashik
  • Thane
  • Chandrapur
  • Amravati
  1. Pune

The Oxford of the East and the Queen of the Deccan both are other names of Pune. The Pune city is presents traditional Maharashtra and up-to-date Maharashtra. The place is surrounded by greenery. Hence, it comes under the greenest urban areas of India. This cultural capital of Maharashtra has many hidden historic pasts. Activities related to education, arts, crafts, Marathi theatre mostly happen in this city. Many old universities are part of this city and because of this many people of India and abroad attract towards this place. Since few years, the investors are showing interest in this commercial hub after Mumbai. Haveli, Daund, Mulshi, Baramati, Junnar, Khed, Mawal, Bhor, Velhe, Ambegaon, Shirur, and Indrapur are the talukas of District Pune. When it comes to travel, there are many flights from Delhi and Mumbai to Pune. The distance between the Airports to Pune is just 12 km.

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  1. Mumbai

For the foreign investors, Mumbai is one of the centre interest. For years, everything has not remain the same. Mumbai is now a thriving market and MNC’s heaven. It has become the fastest city of India. The lifestyle of Mumbai people is pulsating with full of fun. In India, the place where all the glamorous thing happens is Mumbai. Marina beach and Juhu beach are the 2 attractions of this city. At this place, many people enjoy their fine nightlife. The Gateway of India, Mani Bhawan, Sidhivinayak Temple, Bollywood, Essel World and Jehangir Art Gallery are some popular sites to view. Borivali East, Dahisar East, Borivali West, Bandra, Jogeshwari West, Goregaon East, Dahisar West, Goregaon west Malad West, Malad East, Kandivali East, Kandivali West, and Kandivlai West are the tehsils or talukas in Mumbai district. In the Mumbai, films, drama, music performance streams. Pau Bhaji, kebabs, and Bhel Puri are famous food items of Mumbai. Some areas like Mutton Street, Zaveru Bazaar, and Chor Bazaar are interesting where you can shop a lot of things.

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  1. Sangli

In Western India, this city is the major one. From Mumbai, it is 390 kilometers away. And, the Sangali is 700km from Bangalore. Miraj, Atpadi, Walwa, Palus, Kadegaon, Kavathemahankal, Tasgaon, Jat, Shirala, and Khanapur (Vita) are the talukas that come under the Sangali district. There are major railway junctions, very good education, healthcare, entertainment facilities, telecommunications, broader roads, hotels with multi-cuisine, and parks which makes this a modern city. Sangali city has evolved a lot for good. The city is popular for sugar, grapes, and turmeric trade factories.

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  1. Jalgaon

In Maharashtra, this city is present in the Northwest part. Jalgaon city is also known as the major center for trade and agriculture. From the Jalgaon, Ajanta cave is only 50 km away and it is one of the most famous places in the city. The talukas which are under the Jalgaon district are Bhusawal, Erandol, Jamner, Bhadgaon, Amalner, Raver, Yawal, Pachora, Chopda, Parola, Chalisgaon, and Muktainagar.

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  1. Ratnagiri

The hills of Sahyadri ranges surround the beautiful place Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. The location of Ratnagiri in Maharashtra is the southwestern part of the Arabian Sea. In the past, this place was the administrative capital of Bijapur rulers.  In the 13th year, the Pandavas used to perform their pilgrimage according to their beliefs. This has been the palace of many kings like Thibaw, Burma and Veer Savarkar. The important Konkan Coast, Port is this place. Khed, Lanja, Mandangad, Dapoli, Chiplun, Sangmeshwar, Guhagar, Rajapur, and Ratnagiri are some talukas of the Ratnagiri district. From Ratnagiri, Ganpatipule is located at 25 km distance. This famous spot is covered with fresh greeneries. Ganapatipule is included in the most important beaches of Maharashtra.

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  1. Aurangabad

The old name of Aurangabad is Fatehpur. After Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, the place was named Aurangabad. In 1610, Malik Amar was the one who founded the city.  Modern facilities and all comforts are now provided by this city. In Aurangabad, there are three museums such as Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, Sunheri Mahal Museum, and University Museum which are present. Moreover, the airports of Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, and Jaipur are linked to Aurangabad Airport. There are total 9 talukas in the district of Aurangabad which are Soegaon, Aurangabad, Kannad, Phulambri, Khuldabad, Sillod, Paithan, Vaijapur, and Gangapur.

Important Information

Area: 16,200.0 Square Kilometers

North Latitude: 19º 40´ and 20º 40´

East Longitude: 74º 40´ and 76º 40´

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  1. Solapur

From Mumbai, you can reach Solapur after covering a 456 km distance. Solapur city is popularly known as the center of Jains. At the center of two cities Mumbai and Hyderabad, this place is located on rails routes and roads. Pandharpur, Karmala, Mangalvedhe, Barshi, Madha, Sangole, Solapur South, Akkalkot, Mohol, Malshiras, and Solapur North are talukas of the Solapur district.

Important Information

Area: 14895 sq. km (District)

Latitude: 17º 42¢ to 18º 32¢

Longitude 74º 33¢ to 76º 54¢

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  1. Buldhana

The Nirmur district of Madhya Pradesh bounds the city in the north. Parbhani district in the south, Aurangabad and Jalgaon district in the west and Akola district in the east. In Maharashtra, the city has been located partly in the Godavari basin and Tapi Basin. The Buldhana district includes many talukas such as Lonar, Khamgaon, Shegaon, Deolgaon Raja, Mehkar, Buldhana, Sangrampur, Malkapur, Nandura, Motala, Jalgaon (Jamod), and Chikhli.

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  1. Nagpur

In the Maharashtra state, this place considered the major industrial city. Orange productions are popular in the district of Nagpur. With the help of this city, various leading companies open their base. Also, a lot of businessmen visit this place every day for this reason. With the other sections of state Maharashtra, this city has a connection through air, road and train. The airports of Nagpur and Mumbai have two flights daily. The Nagpur city has 79 degrees 7 minutes east longitude and 21 degrees 7 minutes north latitude geographical location.Above the sea level. The city is situated at a height of 312.42.Meters. The national highways and other road ways are also available to reach the Nagpur.

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  1. Nashik

For Hindus, this beautiful city is considered a holy place by many people in India. In India, Nashik is the city of state Maharashtra. Nashik lies in the north-west part of Maharashtra. Nearly, 1.5 million people live in the city. Many people of the state pronounce it as Nasik as well. In Nashik, there is a place called Tryambakeshvar which is located 14 miles away from the city. Nashik is known as the center of commerce and trade in India. This city has a great touch of the ancient and the modern in its development. Different fruits and vegetables get produced here. Onions, Grapes, and Strawberries are highly produced in the same. Malegaon, Igatpuri, Sinnar, Surgana, Peint, Nandgaon, Niphad, Kalwan, Dindori, Yeola, and Baglan are talukas of the Nashik district.

Important Information

Area: 15,582´0 km.2

North Latitude: 19º 35´ and 20º 52´

East Longitude: 73º 16´ and 74º 56´

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  1. Thane

In Konkan Maharashtra, this city is a northern district. The wide amphitheater like (On the north) hilly Vaitama valley and (On the South) Ulhas Basin with Plateaus and the slopes of Sahyadri. ‘Cacade De Tana’ is the popular name of Thane. In the state, an industrially advanced district is Thane. Many textiles, engineering products, and chemical industries are included in the thane district. Thane district has a total geographic area of about 934 thousand hectares. Palghar, Bhiwandi, Ulhasnagar, Vasai, Wada, Talasari, Kalyan, Murbad, Dahanu, Jawhar, and Shahapur are the talukas of district thane.

Important Information

Area: 9558 Square Kilometers

North latitude: 18º 42´ and 20º 20´

East longitude: 72º 45´ and 73º 45´

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  1. Chandrapur

In Maharashtra state, the location of Chandrappur city is in south-central region of India. From Nagpur, the city is 150 kilometers away. The ‘Village of the Moon’ is the meaning of ‘Chandrapur name’.Different minerals can be found in the city. The resources such as Timbers, Tendu Leaves, Coal and other forest products are part of the city.There is a total of 11 talukas in the ChandrapurdistrictKorpana, Rajura, Warora, Sawali, Chimur, Bhadravati, Gondpipri, Mul, Naghbhir, Pombhurna, Sindewahi and Jiwati are the talukas in Chandrapur district.

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  1. Amravati

In Maharashtra state, this city is located in the right center of the northern border. The Betul District of Madhya Pradesh to the north surrounds Amravati city. It is also surrounded by Wardha (to the east), Yavatmal (to the South), and Nagpur (to the North-east). There is a total of 14 talukas in the Amravati district. Under the Amravati district, the talukas such as Dharni, Bhatkuli, Teosa, Achalpur, Morshi, Dhamangaon Railway, Daryapur, Anjangaon Surji, Nandgaon –Khandeshwar, Chandur Railway, and Chandurbazar are there.

Important Information

Area: 12,626 Square Kilometers

North latitude: 20º 32´ and 21º 46´

East Longitude: 76º 37´ and 78º 27´

For More Amravati Geography Details Click Here

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