History Study Material बिभाग ‘ग’

History Study Material बिभाग ‘ग’ Shared By N. Ravi Chandan

History Study Material बिभाग ‘ग’ on mahasarkar.co.in. This is the page where we are deal with History Study Material For Maharashtra Recruitment Exam. Every questions come from various source i.e. Harappan Civilisation; Vedic Age; Mauryas; India after the Mauryas (2nd/c BC-2nd/c AD); The Sangam Age (South); Age of Guptas; Age of Smaller Kingdoms (North) (Harsha incorporated); The Deccan & the South; The Delhi Sultanate; The age of Vijayanagar & the Bahmanis; The Bhakti & the Sufi Movements; The Mughals; The Marathas; The Establishment of the British Rule & Expansion in India; British Policy & Administration; Social & Cultural Awakening in India. The Socio-religious Reform Movements; Revolts of 1857; Muslim Separation; Miscellaneous. यह पेज ओह सब स्टूडेंट के लिए है, जो नौकरी की तलाश में हैं और भारती परिक्षा दिने के लिए इच्छुक हैं।

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  1. Harappan seals were made of

(1) Terracotta

(2) Copper

(3) Iron

(4) Lead

Ans: – (1) Terracotta

  1. An image of dancing girl is found at

(1) Kalibangan

(2) Mohenjodaro

(3) Harappa

(4) Ropar

Ans:- (2) Mohenjodaro

  1. Buddhist literature was written in

(1) Prakrit

(2) Pali

(3) Sanskrit

(4) Tamil

Ans:- (2) Pali

  1. Manu Smriti deals with

(1) Economics

(2) Politics

(3) State craft

(4) Law

Ans:- (4) Law

  1. Chandragupta Maurya defeated

(1) Seleucus

(2) Alexander

(3) Porus

(4) None

Ans:- (1) Seleucus

  1. The Rigveda consists of

(1) 1028 hymns

(2) 1000 hymns

(3) 2028 hymns

(4) 1038 hymns

Ans:- (1) 1028 hymns

  1. The archaeological material relating to the period of the Sangam literature have been unearthed at:

(1) Madurai

(2) Thanjavur

(3) Arikamedu

(4) Brahmagiri

Ans:- (2) Thanjavur

  1. Panini and Patanjali are the renowned names in the Literary history of ancient India. Under which dynasty did they flourish?

(1) Pushyabhukti

(2) Sungas

(3) Kushanas

(4) Guptas

Ans:- (2) Sungas

  1. The capital of the Haryanka King Bimbisara was:

(1) Vaishali

(2) Ujjain

(3) Rajgir or Girivraya

(3) Champa

Ans:- (3) Rajgir or Girivraya

  1. Why did Mohammed 0bin Tughlaq shift his capital from Delhi to Deogiri?

(1) Because he was fed up with Delhi

(2) As a punishment for the people of Delhi

(3) Because he wanted to extend his empire to the south

(4) Because the new capital occupied a central and strategic location

Ans:- (4) Because the new capital occupied a central and strategic location

  1. During the sultanate period, the accession of a king was traditionally done by

(1) Succession

(2) Nomination

(3) Battle between probable candidates

(4) None of these

Ans:- (3) Battle between probable candidates

  1. Guru Nanak preached

(1) The brotherhood of man

(2) About making Sikhs a  militant organization

(3) The unity of Sikhs

(4) Sikhism as religion

Ans:- (1) The brotherhood of man

  1. The remains of the Vijayanagar empire can be found in

(1) Bijapur

(2) Golconda

(3) Hampi

(4) Baroda

Ans:- (3) Hampi

  1. Painting in the Mughal period was at its prime during the reign of

(1) Jehangir

(2) Shahjahan

(3) Aurangzeb

(4) Akbar

Ans:- (1) Jehangir

  1. Which of the following is not characteristic of the paintings of the Mughal period? The depiction of

(1) Religious sense

(2) Court and cultural scenes

(3) Scenes of battle

(4) Mythological themes

Ans:- (1) Religious sense

  1. Who was the first Muslim ruler to formulate the theory of kingship similar to the theory of divine right of the kings?

(1) Aibak

(2) Iltutmish

(3) Balban

(4) Alauddin

Ans:- (3) Balban

  1. The Muslim scholar who accoppanied Muhammad of Ghazni was

(1) Ibn Batuta

(2) Alberuni

(3) Amir Khusro

(4) Firishta

Ans:- (2) Alberuni

  1. A token copper currency was introduced by

(1) Alauddin

(2) Sher Shah

(3) Muhammad – bin – Tughlaq

(4) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

Ans:- (3) Muhammad – bin – Tughlaq

  1. The sultan who set up a separate department for the maintenance of slaves was

(1) Illtutmish

(2) balban

(3) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

(4) Muhammad – bin – Tughlaq

Ans:- (3) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

  1. In the third battle of Panipat, the Marathas were defeated by the

(1) Mughals

(2) Afghans

(3) English

(4) Ruhellas

Ans:- (2) Afghans

  1. The finest of Mughal architecture in marble is the

(1) Diwan-i-Am

(2) Taj Mahal

(3) Peacock throne

(4) Peral mosque

Ans:- (2) Taj Mahal

  1. The famous court poet of Akbar was

(1) Birbal

(2) Tulsidas

(3) Bairam Khan Khankhana

(4) Rahim

Ans:- (4) Rahim

  1. The Hoysala kingdom was finally absorbed into the kingdom of th

(1) Bahmani

(2) Pratiharas

(3) Vijayanagar

(4) Pallavas

Ans:- (3) Vijayanagar

  1. The sultan who made a successful attempt to free himself from the control of the ulemas was

(1) Balban

(2) Alauddin

(3) Foroz Shah

(4) Jalaluddin

Ans:- (2) Alauddin

  1. Illtutmish followed the policy of neutrality when Mangabarni asked for help against the Mongols because

(1) He was not strong enough to help him

(2) He did not like Mangabarni

(3) He did not want to drag his infant kingdom into central Asian politics

(4) He was scared of the Mongols

Ans:- (3) He did not want to drag his infant kingdom into central Asian politics 

  1. With regard to the primary scriptures of Hinduism, the Vedas, which of the following is not true:

(1) They are revered as apaurisheya, meaning not of human origin.

(2) They are infallible.

(3) The Vedas enshrine the Knowledge believed to have been revealed to certain rishis by Brahma.

(4) They are referred to as Shruti, because the rishis heard the Vedas.

Ans:- (2) They are infallible.

  1. Read the following with regards to early Vedic society and select the wrong statement.

(1) Indra, the God of strength was the most important God of the early Vedic people.

(2) Gods were worshipped for the spiritual upliftment of the people

(3) Religion was based on magico ritual formulae.

(4) The purohita or priest had an important place in the society.

Ans:- (3) Religion was based on magico ritual formulae.

  1. The question of the granting of land and its merits or demerits are debated for the first time in the

(1) Legend of Vishwakarma Bhauvana

(2) Kegend of Sudasa and Vasistha

(3) Legend of Vedigha Mathava

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (1) Legend of Vishwakarma Bhauvana

  1. Only three Vedas were were considered canonical. Point the odd one out:

(1) Rigveda

(2) Atharva Veda

(3) Sama Veda

(4) Yajurveda

Ans:- (2) Atharva Veda

  1. The dramatist Bhasa in his play “swapan vasadatta’ has immortalized the love between Udayan, the king of Vatsa Vasavadatta, the princess of

(1) Vajji

(2) Chedi

(3) A vanti

(4) Panchala

Ans:- (3) A vanti

  1. Match the name of the Mahajanpadas with the name of the capital:
  2. Kashi (1) Vaisali
  3. Anga (2) Varanasi
  4. Vajji (3) Kausambi
  5. Vasta (4) Champa

(1) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

(2) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3

(3) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4

(4) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

Ans:- (1) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

  1. Four of the Kingdoms mentioned below surrounded Magadha. Point the odd one cout.

(a)  Anga in the east

(b) Vajji confederacy to the north

(c) Kasi to its north

(d) Avanti to its immediate south.

(1) D

(2) B

(3) E

(4) C

Ans:- (2) B

  1. Of the various terms that are used to denote cities in ancient Indian literature, which is the eearliest.

(1) Nagar

(2) Nigama

(3) Pura

(4) Mahanagara

Ans:- (3) Pura

  1. The early king of Magadha ascertained its stability by achieving which of the following:

(a) Shifting the capital to Pataliputra.

(b) Conquering the Anga capital of champa.

(c)  Expanding the fornitier up to Gandhara.

(4) Incorporating the neighbouring kingdoms through war and alliance.

(5) Capturing the iron of Avanti

(1) A B and C only

(2) A D and E only

(3) B and D only

(4) E only

Ans:- (3) B and D only

  1. In the context of the Mauryan rule, match the Sanskrit words with their equivalent meaning, and select the correct answer code.

(a) Janapadanivesa    (1) Landed gentry

(b) Sitadhyaksa           (2) Official in crown lands

(c) Gahapati                  (3) revenue assessor

(d) Samaharta              (4) Process of settlement.

(1) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3

(2) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

(3) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

(4) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

Ans:- (2) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

  1. The Buddhist monument stupa was raised:

(a) Over Buddha’s relics

(b) At places of celebration members of the Sangha

(c) Over relics of celebrated members of the Sangha

(d) As objects of devotion by Buddhist monasteries.

(1)  A only

(2) A and B

(3) A, B and C only

(4) All the above

Ans:- (4) All the above

37.Vedic texts mention vrihi, tandula and Sali to refer to

(1) Wheat

(2) Barley

(3) Rice

(4) Gram

Ans:- (3) Rice

  1. At Kumrahar (modern Patna) excavations have revealed

(1) Evidence of bellows to purity metal

(2) A pillared hall of a Mauryan palace

(3) Elaborate house with earth walls rather than circular huts

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) A pillared hall of a Mauryan palace

  1. The great king, Seleucus I Nicator, was a contemporary of

(1) Ashoka

(2) Chandragupta Maurya

(3) Pushyamitra

(4) Bindusara

Ans:- (2) Chandragupta Maurya

40.Who were the immediate successors of the Mauryas in Mahadha?

(1) Kushanas

(2) Pandyas

(3) Satavahanas

(4) Sungas

Ans:- (4) Sungas