Direct and Indirect Speech Rules for ZP Bharti | जिल्हा परिषद भरती साठी प्रत्यक्ष आणि अप्रत्यक्ष भाषण नियम

Direct and Indirect Speech Tense Formula

Direct and Indirect Speech Rules for ZP Bharti | जिल्हा परिषद भरती साठी प्रत्यक्ष आणि अप्रत्यक्ष भाषण नियम

English language is important section for all level competitive exam. Candidates who are preparing for any specific competitive exam must learn English language well to score better. Narration change is one of the scoring chapters of this English section from which candidates can carry full marks. Generally, they have to answer two or more questions from narration change in both direct and indirect speech for any competitive exam. There are multiple rules for narration change which students have to follow to change speech correctly. Students can find it difficult to learn all rules at a time and remember all of them together. But they just need to hold patience and with practice they can make correct answers in narration change. To be efficient candidates just need to focus on learning the rules and practicing regularly. After sometime, they will hold enough knowledge to attempt any question regarding narration change. All the rules of narration change are given below for more clarification:

Rules for Direct and Indirect Speech for Zilla Parishad Bharti 2023 (TCS Pattern)

Change in Tense:

Direct and Indirect Speech Tense Formula

Assertive Sentence:

When we change assertive sentence into indirect speech say, said, tell, told are used as reporting verbs. ‘Said to’ is changed into told in indirect speech. That will be used as linker.

Ex. he said, “I am ill”.

He said that he was ill.

Interrogative Sentence:

Reporting verb ask, enquire, and wanted to know etc. are used in indirect speech. Interrogative sentence becomes assertive sentence in indirect speech. In wh interrogative question wh words remain as linkers. In auxiliary interrogative linker if/whether is used in indirect speech.

Ex. the father said to his son, “why have you not done your homework?”

The father asked his son why he had not done his homework.

The traveller said to the manager, “can I get a room in this hotel?”

The traveller asked the manager if he could get a room in that hotel.

Imperative Sentence:

Reporting verb advise, request, order, asked etc. are used as reporting verb in indirect speech for imperative sentence. Imperative sentence becomes simple sentence in indirect speech. To is used before verb in indirect speech.

Ex. the father said to his son, “don’t go near the lake”.

The father advised his son not to go near the lake.

Sentence with let:

To explain propose/ suggest with let propose/ suggest will be used as reporting verb. Linker that and should will be used in reported speech. To is used only after suggest and not after propose.

Ex. I said to my friend, “let’s go for a picnic”.

I proposed my friend that we should go for a picnic.

To explain prayer with let ‘pray’is used as reporting verb. Linker that is used before reported speech in indirect speech.

Ex. the servant said to his owner. “Let me go home for some days”.

The servant prayed his owner that he might be allowed to go home for some days.

Optative sentence:

Reporting verb wish/pray will be used in indirect speech. Linker that will be used before reported speech. Optative sentence will be transformed into assertive sentence.

Ex. the mother said to his son, “may you be happy”.

The mother prayed that her son might be happy.

Exclamatory sentence:

In exclamatory sentence reporting verb exclaim will be used wth joy, grief, sorrow, wonder, surprise, contempt, disgust etc. linker that will be used before reported speech. Exclamatory sentence will be changed into assertive sentence. Big, great, very will be used in place of wh words.

Ex. he said, “what a pleasant surprise!”

He exclaimed in wonder that it was a very pleasant surprise.

See Also: Active and Passive Voice Rules for Saralseva Bharti

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