Dignity of labour Essay (State Service Main Exam 2007)
The dignity of Labour is the ideology that states that jobs irrespective of their kind like menial labour in construction or mental labour as a chief executive officer, remuneration like the amount of money allocated for each word, value it has to the number of people in society such as education is a significant job for it develops the entire society while IT sector jobs may not influence everyone and relevance for the job of a stenographer is not relevant to everyone but must be given equal dignity without considering one occupation superior to the other without discrimination in any form.
India was a stratified society since the ancient ages with divisions amongst people on the basis of caste, religion, creed and social background. The dignity of labour as a concept was not entirely alien to Indian society, however, it did not translate to real-life practices. Social reformers like Mahatma Gandhi, Sharan and Vasava were all proponents of the philosophy of Dignity of Labour. However, the belief in the Dignity of labour came to the limelight only in the 20th Century with the formation of the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC). They represented the voice of the growing working-class population of India.
The reforms for recognition of the dignity of labour taken by the Indian government are as follows:
i) The Ministry of Labour and Employment established on 23 September 1948 has legislated “ Ease of Compliance to maintain Registers under various Labour Laws Rules,2017 on 21st February 2017 which has in effect replaced the 56 Registers or forms governing 9 central labour laws and rules made there under 5 common registers or forms. This will reduce the hard work and expenditure of compliance burden by various establishments.
ii) Model shops and establishments (RE & CS)Bill has been given to all states for improvements in the retail shop systems. According to the Bill retail shops or establishments in every state for 365 days of the year without any time specification for opening and closing. Women’s employment, especially during the night shifts in the Information Technology sector in addition to sufficient safety in form of dropoffs at homes, is ensured by the Bill.
iii) The standing orders of the Industrial Employment Act 1946 have categorized benefits like Fixed Term Employment as part of job security with statutory benefits like medical and injury insurance. Has been given to all sectors to impart opportunity to corporates to employ people according to the precarious situation of the market.
iv) The Central labour Act of 1936 mandates a Unified Annual Return which guarantees dignified minimum wages before tax deduction under the Minimum Wages Act of 1948, maternity paid leaves for women with new-born children as a part of the women empowerment programme under the Maternity Benefit Act 1961 and the Industrial Dispute Act 1947 ensures bonuses.
To surmise, the Indian Constitution recognizes and acknowledges the dignity of labour as a fundamental right of every Indian citizen. It embodies provisions for a safe and hygienic workspace for all workers. Basic rights such as dignified wages for labour, additional benefits and compensation in case of violation of the rights of labour. In addition to the existing laws, the Directive Principles of State Policy have specific directives that can be taken into account for further improvements.
Q1. When was the Ministry of Labour established?
Ans: The Ministry of Labour and Employment established on 23 September 1948 legislated “ Ease of Compliance to maintain Registers under various Labour Laws Rules,2017 on 21st February 2017 which has in effect replaced the 56 Registers or forms governing 9 central labour laws and rules made there under 5 common registers or forms. This will reduce the hard work and expenditure of compliance burden by various establishments.
Q2. When did the philosophy of Dignity of labour become prevalent in India?
Ans: However, the belief in the Dignity of labour came to the limelight only in the 20th Century with the formation of the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC). They represented the voice of the growing working-class population of India.
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