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Some Ancient Books on Science and Medicine

Some Ancient Books on Science and Medicine

  1. Vrdukunta (600-750 AD):- a treatiseon therasa chikitsaystem of anicient medicine, ehich considers mercury as the king of all medicines. It explains various preparations of mercury and other metals, alloys, metallic compounds, salts and sulphur.
  2. Atharvaveda (1000 BC) :- Treatise on health, longevity and curative treatment. Hygiene, dietetics and beneficial effects of milk have also been elaborately dealt with.
  3. Charaka Samhita (100 AD) :- A classical exposition of Indian medicine. It deals with almost all branches of medicine.
  4. Bhela Samhita (800 BC) :- A codification of medicine scattered in the Vedas.
  5. Agnivesa Samhita (700 BC) :- A codification of medicine by Agnivesa (a disciple of Atreya — founder of Ayurveda)
  6. Kasyapa Samhita (600 BC) :- Deals with paediatrics.
  7. Chivaravastu (500 BC) :- Mentions the court physician of Bimbisara (King of Magadha) as a marvelous physician and surgeon. Describes difficult surgical operations eg, opening of the brain and eye surgery.
  8. Huangdi Neiching (450 BC) :- The first book on medicine in China.
  9. Charaka Samhita (100 AD) :- A classical exposition of Indian medicine. It deals with almost all branches of medicine.
  10. Celsus (100-200 AD) :- A treatise on medicine and surgery from Alexandria and Rome.
  11. Susruta Samhita (200-300 AD) :- A treatise on Ayurveda like the Charaka Samhita. Susruta is describe as a disciple of Dhanwantari.
  12. Madhavacharaya (700-800 AD):- A compilation from earlier works of Agnivesa, Charaka, Susruta, Susruta and Vaghata and is famous all over India as the best treatise on Ayurveda and diagnosis of disease.
  13. Vaghata (500-600 AD) :- A concise and scientific exposition of Ayurveda in verse from. It is distinguished by its knowledge of chemical reactions and laboratory processes, etc.

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