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About Religions Of The Worlds

 

 

About Religions Of The Worlds

  1. Buddhism

Founder Gautam Buddha (563-483 BC), Born in Lumbini, Nepal

Founded in 525 BC

Followed in China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Cambodia,  Taiwan, Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam.

Sacred text The Tripitaka (Collection of Buddha’s teachings) also called Sutras

Sacred places Lumbai (Nepal) where Buddha was born, Bodh Gaya (Bihar) where he received enlightenment and  Kusinagara (UP) where he attained nirvana

Place of worship — Vihar a (temple) where he attained nirvana

Sects – Mahayana and Hinayana

  1. Confucianism 

Founder – King Fu Tsu, better known as Confucius (551-479 BC), born in State of    Lu in China

Founded in — 500BC

Followed in – China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru and Vietnam

Sacrred  text – The Analects

Sacred place – Peking (Beijing) in China

Place of worship – No church or temple

  1. Christianity

Founder  —  Jesus Christ (5 BC to 30 AD) born in Judea, also called Jesus of Nazareth

Founded in  — 2000 years ago

Followed in  —  Spread all over the world

Sacred text – Holy Bible consisting Old Testament (before Christ) and the New Testament (during and after Christ)

Sacred place – Jerusalem, where Christ lived and preached

Place of worship – Church

Important sects – Catholics and Protestants

  1. Hinduism

Founder – Of divine origin

Founded in – 1500BC

Followed in – Concentrated in Indian and Nepal and also found in Bhutan, Fiji, Gyuana, Indonesia, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Bali

Sacred texts – The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana

Place of worship – Temple

  1. Islam

Founder – Prophet Mohammed (570-632 AD), born i9n Mecca (Saudi Arabia)

Founded in – 622 AD

Followed in – West coast of Africa which includes Tanzania, Southern part of Russia and China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia, and parts of North Africa

Sacred texts – Quran (words of God), Hadith (collection pf Prophet’s sayings)

Sacred places – Makkah (Mecca) in Saudi Arabia

Place of worship – Masjid (mosque)

Important sects – Sunnis and Shias

  1. Judaism (Religion of the Hebrews)

Founder – Moses, born in Egypt

Founded in —  1300BC

Followed in – Worldwide, with concentration in Israel and United States

Sacred texts – Hals, found particularly in the five books of the Bible; commentary on the Torah known as Talmud and Midrash

Sacred Places – Jerusalem

Place of worship – Synagogue

  1. Shintoism

Founder – Began with Japanese culture and developed out of tradition and ancestor worship

Founded in – Antiquity

Followed in – Japan

Sacred texts – No specific text

Sacred Places – Jerusalem

Place of worship – Central Shrine  of Ise (central Japan) and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo

  1. Sikhism

Founder – Guru Nanak (1469-1539)

Founded in – 1500 AD

Followed in – India

Sacred texts – Guru Granth Saheb

Sacred Place – The Golden Temple at Amritsar

Place of worship – Gurdwara

  1. Taoism

Founder – Lao-tse, a Chinese philosopher

Founded in – 6th century BC

Followed in – China, Taiwan, Nauru, Brunei, Singapore and Vietnam

Sacred texts – Tao-te-Ching

  1. Zoroastrianism (Parsi Religion)

Founder – Zoroaster, Born in Medea (modern Iran), about 660 BC

Founded – Around 500 BC

Followed in – Iran and north-west India. The Zoroastrians who filed to India during the eighth century are the ancestors of the present Parsi community in India

Sacred texts – Zend Avesta

Place of Worship –Fire temple

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