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Indian Polity Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’

Indian Polity Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’ Shared By N. Agarwal

Indian Polity Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’ on mahasarkar.co.in. This is the page where we are deal with Indian Polity Study Material For Maharashtra Recruitment Exam. Every questions come from various source i.e. Constituent Assembly; Preamble; Fundamental Rights/Directive Principles of State Policy; President/Prime Minister etc; Parliament; Supreme Court; Governor/State Legislature; High Court; Federalism/Union-State Relations; Amendments; Key Functionaries like CAG/Electronic Commissioner/Fin. Commissioner etc; Minorities; Language; Elections; Political Parties; Panchayat Raj/Local Government; Schedules of Constitution; Reservation for SC/ST; Questions on Articles of the Constitution ; Miscellaneous; Foreign Policy. यह पेज ओह सब स्टूडेंट के लिए है, जो नौकरी की तलाश में हैं और भारती परिक्षा दिने के लिए इच्छुक हैं।

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Study Material: Indian Polity बिभाग ‘ख’

  1. Which one of the following Fundamental Rights was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as ‘the heart and soul of the Constitution.

(1) Right to equality

(2) Right to religion

(3) Right to  constitutional remedies

(3) The right to equality

Ans:- (3) Right to  constitutional remedies

  1. Right to freedom can be restricted

(1) In the interest of security of the state

(2) In the interest  of friendly relations with foreign states

(3) In the interest of public

(4) On all the above  noted grounds

Ans:- (4) On all the above  noted grounds

  1. The right against exploitation prohibits

(1) Traffic in human beings

(2) Begar

(3) Employment of Children below 14 years of age in factories, mines etc.

(4) All the  above

Ans:-  (4) All the  above

  1. Which one of the following Fundamental Rights is restrained by the Preventive Detention Act?

(1) Right to religion

(2) Right to constitutional remedies

(3) Right to freedom

(4) Right to equality

Ans:- (3) Right to freedom

  1. W ho has been vested with the power to decide whether the restrictions imposed on the Fundamental Rights of Indian citizen are reasonable or not?

(1) The Parliament

(2) The President

(3) The courts

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (3) The courts

  1. The Government of India instituted Bharat Ratna and padma Shri awards under

(1) Article 14 of the Constitution

(2) Article 18 of the Constitution

(3) Article 25 of the Constitution

(4) Article 25 of the Constitution

Ans:- (2) Article 18 of the Constitution

  1. Which one of the following rights conferred by the Constitution is also available to non-citizens?

(1) Freedom of  speech, assembly and association

(2) Freedom to move, reside and settle in any part of the territory of India

(3) Freedom to acquire property or to carry on any  occupation, trade or business

(4) Right to constitutional remedies

Ans:- (4) Right to constitutional remedies

  1. Under the provisions of which Article of the Constitution the government abolished the practice of untouchability?

(1) Article 16

(2) Article 17

(3) Article 18

(4) Article 20

Ans:- (2) Article 17

  1. The Sikhs in India are permitted to carry Kirpan. Under which one of the following Fundamental Rights are they permitted Rights are they permitted to do so?

(1) Right to  freedom

(2) Right to freedom of religion

(3) Right to life and liberty

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) Right to freedom of religion

  1. At present, right to property is a

(1) Legal Right

(2) Human Right

(3) Fundamental Right

(4) Natural Right

Ans:- (4) Natural Right

  1. Under the Indian Constitution, the responsibility for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights rests with

(1) The High Courts

(2) All the Courts

(3) The Supreme Court

(4) Both (a) and (c)

Ans:- (4) Both (a) and (c)

  1. A person can move the Supreme Court directly in the event of violation of Fundamental Rights under

(1) Article 19

(2) Article 32

(3) Article 34

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) Article 32

  1. For the enforcement of Fundamental Rights, the courts can issue

(1) A decree

(2) An ordinance

(3) A writ

(4) A notification

Ans:- (3) A writ

  1. Legal equality under the Indian Constitution implies that

(1)  The state cannot enact different laws for different groups of people

(2) Everybody is equal before law

(3) There should be e quality amongst equals and inequality among unequals

(4) There should be no special law for any category of people

Ans:- (3) There should be e quality amongst equals and inequality among unequals

  1. Right to property was eliminated from the list of Fundamental Rights during the tenure of

(1) Indira Gandhi

(2) Charan Singh

(3) Rajiv Gandhi

(4) Morarji Desai

Ans:- (4) Morarji Desai

  1. Which authority can a citizen approach for securing right of personal freedom?

(1) The Parliament

(2) The President

(3) Supreme Court alone

(4) Both Supreme Court and High Courts

Ans:- (4) Both Supreme Court and High Courts

17.The Constitution grants right against exploitation

(1) Children

(2) Women

(3) Tribals

(4) Dalits

Select the correct answer using the  following codes:

(1) 1 and 2

(2) 1 and 3

(3) 1, 2 and 3

(4) 2, 3  and 4

Ans:- (1) 1 and 2

  1. Writs can be issued for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights by

(1) The Parliament

(2) The President

(3) The Supreme Court

(4) All the above

Ans:- (3) The Supreme Court

  1. Which one of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom?

(1) Mandamus

(2) Habeas Corpus

(3) Quo Warranto

(4) Certiorari

Ans:- (2) Habeas Corpus

  1. The main objective of the Fundamental Rights is to

(1) Ensure independence of judiciary

(2) Promote a socialist pattern of society

(3) Ensure individual liberty

(4) Ensure all the above

Ans:- (3) Ensure individual liberty

  1. Under the Indian Constitution, a citizen

(1) Cannot be deprived of his life and liberty under any condition

(2) Can be deprived of life and liberty by the President during emergency

(3) Can be deprived of life and liberty only in accordance with the procedure established by law

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (3) Can be deprived of life and liberty only in accordance with the procedure established by law

  1. The writ of Mandamus is issued by a superior court

(1) To command a person or public authority to do something in the nature of public duty

(2) To produce an illegally detained person before a court within 24 hours

(3) To command a person or public authority to stop proceedings in a case in national interest

(4) In all the above cases

Ans:- (1) To command a person or public authority to do something in the nature of public duty

  1. Which of the following writs literally means ‘you may have the body’?

(1) Habeas Corpus

(2) Mandamus

(3) Quo Warranto

(4) Certiorari

Ans:- (1) Habeas Corpus

  1. Which one of the following writs literally means ‘what is your authority’?

(1) Habeas Corpus

(2) Certiorari

(3) Quo Warranto

(4) Prohibition

Ans:- (3) Quo Warranto

  1. The Fundamental Duties of citizens

(1) Lie scattered throughout the Constitution

(2) Are contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution

(3) Are contained in Schedule IX of the Constitution

(4) Are contained in the Presidential Order issued in 1979

Ans:- (2) Are contained in Part IV-A of the Constitution

  1. The Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens were in corporate in the Constitution in

(1) 1952

(2) 1976

(3) 1979

(4) 1981

Ans:- (2) 1976

  1. Which one of the following Committees/Fundamental Duties in the Constitution?

(1)  Swaran Singh Committee

(2) Ashok Mehta Committee

(3) Balram Jakhar Committee

(4) Sarkaria Commission

Ans:- (1)  Swaran Singh Committee

  1. The Directive Principles aim at

(1) Ensuring individual aim at

(2) Ensuring strengthening of the country’s independence

(3) Providing a social and economic base for a genuine democracy in the country

(4) Achieving all the above objectives

Ans:- (3) Providing a social and economic base for a genuine democracy in the country

  1. Which one of the following amendments accorded precedence to the Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights?

(1) 24th Amendment

(2) 39th Amendment

(3) 42nd Amendment

(4) 44th Amendment

Ans:- (3) 42nd Amendment

  1. The Directive Principles of State Policy are

(1) Justiciable

(2) Non-Justiciable

(3) Only some Directive Principles are justiciable

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) Non-Justiciable

  1. Under the Directive Principles of State Policy, the state is expected to provide free and compulsory education to all children up to the age of

(1) 14 years

(2) 18 years

(3) 15 years

(4) 16 years

Ans:- (1) 14 years

  1. The enforcement of the Directive Principles of State Policy depends on

(1) The resources available with the government

(2) The will of the government in power

(3) The judiciary

(4) All the above

Ans:- (1) The resources available with the government

  1. Which one of the following wanted the Directive Principles of State Policy to be the basis of all future legislation?

(1) B R Ambedkar

(2) Jawaharlal Nehru

(3) K M Munshi

(4) B N Rau

Ans:- (1) B R Ambedkar

  1. In the event of non-enforcement of the Directive Principles of State Policy by the government, the citizen can approach

(1) The High Court

(2) The Supreme Court

(3) Any Court of his Choice

(4) None of these

Ans:- (4) None of these

  1. Which amendment of the Constitution accorded precedence to the Directive Principles of State

(1) 39th Amendment

(2) 42nd Amendment

(3) 44th Amendment

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) 42nd Amendment

  1. Which one of the following factors has been responsible for the slow implementation of the Directive Principles?

(1) Lack of resources with the government

(2) lack of political will

(3) Vastness of the country

(4) All the above factors

Ans:-  (4) All the above factors

  1. Which one of the following Directive Principles reflects socialist ideology?

(1) To provide adequate means of livelihood to all

(2) To prevent concentration of wealth and means of production and to ensure equitable distribution of wealth and material resources

(3)  To ensure a decent   standard of living and leisure for all workers

(4) All the above

Ans:- (4) All the above

  1. What is the age retirement of the President?

(1) 70

(2) 75

(3) 80

(4) There is no age limit for retirement

Ans:- (4) There is no age limit for retirement

  1. If the office of the President falls vacant, the same must be filled within

(1) Six months

(2) Three months

(3) One year

(4) 18 years

Ans:- (1) Six months

  1. What is the maximum proceedings against the President of India can be initiated

(1) 65

(2) 70

(3) 75

(4) No limit

Ans:-  (4) No limit

  1. Who was the second President of the Indian Republic?

(1) Dr Zakir Hussain

(2) Dr S Radhakrishnan

(3) Dr V V Giri

(4) Dr Rajendra Prasad

Ans:- (2) Dr S Radhakrishnan

  1. The President of India is

(1) The head of the state

(2) The head of the government

(3) The head of the state as well as government

(4)  None of the above

Ans:- (1) The head of the state

  1. The election to the office of the President is conducted by

(1) The Speaker of Lok Sabha

(2) The Prime Minister’s Office

(3) The Election Commission of India

(4) The Minister for Parliamentary affairs

Ans:- (3) The Election Commission of India

  1. The power to form new states or change the boundaries of existing states rests with

(1) The President

(2) The parliament

(3) The Election Commission

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) The parliament

  1. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956, divided the entire country into

(1) 22 states and 9 union territories

(2) 14 states and 6 union territories

(3) 17 states and 7 union territories

(4) Four categories of states

Ans:- (2) 14 states and 6 union territories

  1. What the minimum duration of stay essential before a person can apply for Indian citizenship?

(1) 3 years

(2) 5 years

(3) 7 years

(4) 10 years

Ans:- (2) 5 years

  1. The Drafting Committee of the Constitution, including the chairman, comprised of

(1) Seven members

(2) Five members

(3) Nine members

(4) Three members

Ans:- (1) Seven members

  1. The Constitution of Indian was adopted on

(1) 26 January 1950

(2) 26 January 1949

(3) 26 November 1949

(4) 31 December 1949

Ans:- (3) 26 November 1949

  1. Who of the following acted as the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly?

(1) B.R. Amebdkar

(2) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(3) B.N. Rau

(4) Dr. Sachhidanand Sinha

Ans:- (3) B.N. Rau

  1. The Constituent Assembly of India took all decisions by

(1) Simple majority

(2) Two-thirds majority

(3) Consensus

(4) All the above methods

Ans:- (3) Consensus

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