History Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’

History Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’ Shared By N. Ravi Chandan

History Study Material बिभाग ‘ख’ on mahasarkar.co.in. This is the page where we are deal with History Study Material For Maharashtra Recruitment Exam. Every questions come from various source i.e. Harappan Civilisation; Vedic Age; Mauryas; India after the Mauryas (2nd/c BC-2nd/c AD); The Sangam Age (South); Age of Guptas; Age of Smaller Kingdoms (North) (Harsha incorporated); The Deccan & the South; The Delhi Sultanate; The age of Vijayanagar & the Bahmanis; The Bhakti & the Sufi Movements; The Mughals; The Marathas; The Establishment of the British Rule & Expansion in India; British Policy & Administration; Social & Cultural Awakening in India. The Socio-religious Reform Movements; Revolts of 1857; Muslim Separation; Miscellaneous. यह पेज ओह सब स्टूडेंट के लिए है, जो नौकरी की तलाश में हैं और भारती परिक्षा दिने के लिए इच्छुक हैं।

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  1. Where is Lothal situated?

(a) Pakistan

(b) Gujarat

(c) Rajasthan

(d) Haryana

Ans:- (b) Gujarat

  1. Who was Nagarjuna?

(1) A Greek King

(2) A Vedic rishi

(3) A Jain rishi

(4)  A Buddhist philosopher

Ans:- (4)  A Buddhist philosopher

  1. When did Alexander in invade India?

(1) 298 BC

(2) 303 BC

(3) 302 BC

(4) 327 BC

Ans: – (3) 302 BC

  1. At which of the following places has a major Rock Edicts of Ashoka been Found?

(1) Girnar

(2) Barabar

(3) Central Asia

(4) Roman Empire

Ans:- (1) Girnar

  1. Export trade in pre-Gupta age was most extensive with

(1) South- east Aisa

(2) China

(3) Central

(4) Roman Empire

Ans:- (4) Roman Empire

  1. In the Vedic period goghna refers to

(1) One who gifts cattle

(2) One who slaughters cattle

(3) A guest

(4) The bridegroom

Ans:- (3) A guest

  1. Arrange the various writers of Sanskrit drama in an ascending chronological order.

(a) Bhasa

(b) Asvaghosha

(c) Bhavabhuti

(d) Kalidasa

(1) A, D, B, C

(2) B, A, D, C

(3) C, A, D, B

(4) B, C, A, D

Ans:- (2) B, A, D, C

  1. Our information regarding Alexander’s invasion is derived from account left by three of the following. Point the odd man out.

(1) Diodorus

(2) Plutarch

(3) Nearchus

(4) Ctesias

Ans:- (4) Ctesias

  1. Kalibangan, located in Rajasthan along the dried-up-bed of river Ghaggar was excavated in the 1960s under the guidance of?

(1) Romila Thapa

(2) B.K. Thapa

(3) S.R. Rao

(4) Sir John Marshall

Ans:- (2) B.K. Thapa

  1. The ancient texts on Indian temple architecture classify them into three orders — Nagara, Dravida and Vesara. Point out the wrongly matched pair.

(1) Chandella temple at Khajuraho—-Nagara

(2) Dilwara marble temple of the Jains at Mt. Abu—–vesara

(3) Brhadisvara temple at Thanjavur—-Dravida

(4) The Nataraja shrine at Childambaram—Vesara

Ans:- (2) Dilwara marble temple of the Jains at Mt. Abu—–vesara

  1. Jani produced their first icon in the form of the sarvatobhadrika image (four standing Jinas back to back) and the ayagapatas or votive tablets at

(1) Pitalkhara

(2) Taxila

(3) Mathura

(4) Nasik

Ans:- (3) Mathura

  1. The famous Besnagar Pillar inscription of century 150 BC refers to the great theistic cult of

(1) Panchika and Hariti

(2) Pashupatas

(4) Krishna – Vasudeva

(5) Shakti

Ans:- (4) Krishna – Vasudeva

  1. The earliest inscription that is the first official record in Sanskrit is

(1) Allagabad Pillar inscription

(2) Aihole Prasasti

(3) Janagadh rock inscription

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (3) Janagadh rock inscription

  1. Regarding the earliest surviving Buddhist art, what cannot be said to have particularly appealed to the Europeans is that it was

(1) Non-symbolic

(2) Anecdotal

(3) Iconographic

(4) Narrative

Ans:- (3) Iconographic

  1. Through Atharvaveda we can understand:

(1) The folk traditions of the later vedic period.

(2) Only the elite tradition of the later vedic society

(3) The socio-religious conditions of the common people.

(4) Both (1) and (3)

Ans:- (4) Both (1) and (3)

  1. Which of the following was not among the important factors for Mauryan decline:

(1) Increase in imperial decline:

(2) Weakening of state control

(3) Inactivity of the army.

(4) Invasion by foreign powers

Ans:- (3) Inactivity of the army.

  1. The principle patrons of Gandhara art were:

(1) Mauryas

(2) Satavahanas.

(3) Sakas and Kushanas

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (3) Sakas and Kushanas

  1. Point out the correct statement:

(1) The Tirthankara images from Mathura have a well-built body.

(2) Kubera idol represents Sun worship.

(3) The Gandhara sculpture represents Greek themes in Indian style.

(4) Amaravati school of art flourished in eastern India.

Ans:- (1) The Tirthankara images from Mathura have a well-built body.

  1. Idols related with Brahmanical religion have been found at:

(1) Sarnath

(2) Mathura

(3) Nagarjunakonda

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) Mathura

  1. The triratnas were stressed by

(1) Manu

(2) Gandapada

(3) The Buddha

(4) Mahavira

Ans:- (4) Mahavira

  1. Which one of the following is correctly mathched?

(1) Kumrahar – Bull capital

(2) Rampurva – Lion capital

(3) Lomas Rsi – Rock cut cave

(4) Sarnath – Pillared hall

Ans:- (3) Lomas Rsi – Rock cut cave

  1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

(a) Dasavatara temple   (1) Bhubaneswar

(b) Kandariya Mahadeva temple  (2) Thanjavur

(c) Brihadisvara temple  (3) Khajuraho

(d) Lingaraj temple  (4) Deogarh

(1) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1

(2) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

(3) A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3

(4) A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4

Ans:- (2) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

  1. The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad provides information about the reign of

(1) Chandragupta Maurya

(2) Chandragupta I

(3) Samudragupta

(4) Chandragupta II

Ans:- (3) Samudragupta

  1. One of the major towns of the Godavari region in the Satavahana Kingdom was:

(1) Pratishthana

(2) Arikamedu

(3) Kokkhai

(4) Maski

Ans:- (1) Pratishthana

  1. Which one of the following was an important port of the eastern coast during the Gupta Period?

(1) Broach

(2) Sopara

(3) Tamralipti

(4) Kalyan

Ans:- (3) Tamralipti

  1. With regard to the primary scriptures of Hinduism, the Vedas, which of the following is not true:

(1) They are revered as apaurisheya, meaning not of human origin.

(2) They are infallible.

(3) The Vedas enshrine the Knowledge believed to have been revealed to certain rishis by Brahma.

(4) They are referred to as Shruti, because the rishis heard the Vedas.

Ans:- (2) They are infallible.

  1. Read the following with regards to early Vedic society and select the wrong statement.

(1) Indra, the God of strength was the most important God of the early Vedic people.

(2) Gods were worshipped for the spiritual upliftment of the people

(3) Religion was based on magico ritual formulae.

(4) The purohita or priest had an important place in the society.

Ans:- (3) Religion was based on magico ritual formulae.

  1. The question of the granting of land and its merits or demerits are debated for the first time in the

(1) Legend of Vishwakarma Bhauvana

(2) Kegend of Sudasa and Vasistha

(3) Legend of Vedigha Mathava

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (1) Legend of Vishwakarma Bhauvana

  1. Only three Vedas were were considered canonical. Point the odd one out:

(1) Rigveda

(2) Atharva Veda

(3) Sama Veda

(4) Yajurveda

Ans:- (2) Atharva Veda

  1. The dramatist Bhasa in his play “swapan vasadatta’ has immortalized the love between Udayan, the king of Vatsa Vasavadatta, the princess of

(1) Vajji

(2) Chedi

(3) A vanti

(4) Panchala

Ans:- (3) A vanti

  1. Match the name of the Mahajanpadas with the name of the capital:
  2. Kashi (1) Vaisali
  3. Anga (2) Varanasi
  4. Vajji (3) Kausambi
  5. Vasta (4) Champa

(1) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

(2) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3

(3) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4

(4) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

Ans:- (1) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

  1. Four of the Kingdoms mentioned below surrounded Magadha. Point the odd one cout.

(a)  Anga in the east

(b) Vajji confederacy to the north

(c) Kasi to its north

(d) Avanti to its immediate south.

(1) D

(2) B

(3) E

(4) C

Ans:- (2) B

  1. Of the various terms that are used to denote cities in ancient Indian literature, which is the eearliest.

(1) Nagar

(2) Nigama

(3) Pura

(4) Mahanagara

Ans:- (3) Pura

  1. The early king of Magadha ascertained its stability by achieving which of the following:

(a) Shifting the capital to Pataliputra.

(b) Conquering the Anga capital of champa.

(c)  Expanding the fornitier up to Gandhara.

(4) Incorporating the neighbouring kingdoms through war and alliance.

(5) Capturing the iron of Avanti

(1) A B and C only

(2) A D and E only

(3) B and D only

(4) E only

Ans:- (3) B and D only

  1. In the context of the Mauryan rule, match the Sanskrit words with their equivalent meaning, and select the correct answer code.

(a) Janapadanivesa    (1) Landed gentry

(b) Sitadhyaksa           (2) Official in crown lands

(c) Gahapati                  (3) revenue assessor

(d) Samaharta              (4) Process of settlement.

(1) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3

(2) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

(3) A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

(4) A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1

Ans:- (2) A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

  1. The Buddhist monument stupa was raised:

(a) Over Buddha’s relics

(b) At places of celebration members of the Sangha

(c) Over relics of celebrated members of the Sangha

(d) As objects of devotion by Buddhist monasteries.

(1)  A only

(2) A and B

(3) A, B and C only

(4) All the above

Ans:- (4) All the above

37.Vedic texts mention vrihi, tandula and Sali to refer to

(1) Wheat

(2) Barley

(3) Rice

(4) Gram

Ans:- (3) Rice

  1. At Kumrahar (modern Patna) excavations have revealed

(1) Evidence of bellows to purity metal

(2) A pillared hall of a Mauryan palace

(3) Elaborate house with earth walls rather than circular huts

(4) None of the above

Ans:- (2) A pillared hall of a Mauryan palace

  1. The great king, Seleucus I Nicator, was a contemporary of

(1) Ashoka

(2) Chandragupta Maurya

(3) Pushyamitra

(4) Bindusara

Ans:- (2) Chandragupta Maurya

40.Who were the immediate successors of the Mauryas in Mahadha?

(1) Kushanas

(2) Pandyas

(3) Satavahanas

(4) Sungas

Ans:- (4) Sungas